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How a diamond is held in a setting forms a vital part of its design. The aim of the setting is to hold the diamond in place and to let light enter the stone and enable it to show maximum brilliance. There are several main settings.
This setting is most often used to hold a solitaire by emphasizing the stone and not the metal holding it. The prongs are narrow strips of gold or platinum to keep the diamond in place.
This setting is one of the most popular because the diamond is placed into the mounting until it is level, or flush, with the surface. Just the table of the diamond and part of the upper pavilion facets are above the setting. It is often used for larger stones since it provides protection for the stone while providing a modern appearance.
A bezel setting is a type if collar of metal wrapped around the diamond. The bezel setting attaches to the top of the ring and stands up above it, giving height and a very modern appearance.
This setting is also used with round diamonds, and gives a smart and graceful look. The Channel setting places the stones into a channel and creates small spaces next to the metal bars of the channel. This enables the designer to create a clean line of stones.
This setting gives the surface of a ring the appearance that it is covered with tiny diamonds. Pavé is French for "paved" and gives the appearance of cobblestones. This setting uses many tiny diamonds either on their own, or around a main diamond.
This is similar to the pave setting, using a number of smaller diamonds.
This setting is used for a ring in which the diamonds are spaced slightly apart. It is used less than the above settings.